¿Qué Hemos Aprendido sobre la Radiodifusión de Servicio Público en el Mundo? Una Revisión Sistemática de la Literatura y Sugerencias para Investigaciones Futuras

  • Tania Lestón-Huerta Universidad Carlos III
  • Manuel Goyanes Universidad Carlos III
  • Barbara Mazza Universidad de Roma

Resumen

Este estudio ofrece una revisión de la literatura publicada sobre Radiodifusión de Servicio Público (RSP) entre los años 2009 y 2019. En total, se obtuvieron 232 artículos tras una búsqueda bibliográfica en cinco bases de datos (Scopus, Web of Science Core Collection, ProQuest, Academic Search Ultimate y Google Scholar), de los cuales setenta y ocho se consideraron relevantes, según los criterios del estudio. El artículo resume los objetos de estudio, los escenarios bajo análisis, los enfoques metodológicos y los principales patrones temáticos de las investigaciones existentes, proporcionando una evaluación crítica de los principales hallazgos y direcciones de las investigaciones. Sobre la base de este resumen temático, el estudio ofrece sugerencias sobre cómo avanzar e identificar algunos de los principales desafíos y limitaciones en esta área de investigación.

Biografía del autor/a

Tania Lestón-Huerta, Universidad Carlos III

Tania Lestón-Huerta es Alumna de Maestría en Ciencias de la Comunicación en la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid y sus principales intereses son las plataformas de nuevos medios y la sociología de las ciencias de la comunicación. Su actividad de investigación más reciente se ocupa de los sitios de redes sociales y los patrones de comportamiento de los usuarios.

Manuel Goyanes, Universidad Carlos III

Manuel Goyanes, Doctor, Manuel Goyanes, Doctor, es profesor en la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid y sus principales intereses son la gestión de medios y la sociología de las ciencias de la comunicación. Ha escrito sobre liderazgo, sobrecarga de noticias y modelos de negocio. Es autor de Desafío a la Investigación Estándar en Comunicación. Crítica y Alternativas, Editorial UOC.

Barbara Mazza, Universidad de Roma

Barbara Mazza, profesora asociada y presidenta de la maestría en Organización y Marketing para la Comunicación Empresarial de la Universidad Sapienza. Es la coordinadora local de varios proyectos de investigación a nivel nacional e internacional, y miembro de IRNIST, Red Internacional de Investigación en Turismo Deportivo. La mayoría de sus publicaciones recientes tratan sobre temas de comunicación empresarial.

Citas

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Arriaza Ibarra, K. (2013). The Situation of National and Regional Public Television in Spain Public Media in the Crossroad. Nordicom Review, 34(1), pp.145 156. https://doi.org/10.2478/nor-2013-0048

Arriaza Ibarra, K. & Nord, L. W. (2014) Public Service Media under Pressure: Comparing Government Policies in Spain and Sweden 2006 2012. Javnost The Public, 21(1), pp.71 84. https://doi.org/10.1080/13183222.2014.11009140

Ayish, M. I. (2010). Arab State Broadcasting Systems in Transition the Promise of The Public Service Broadcasting Model. Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.1163/187398609X12584657078448

Brink Lund, A. & Edelvold Berg, C. (2009). Denmark, Sweden and Norway: Television Diversity by Duopolistic Competition and Co-Regulation. The International Communication Gazette, 33(6), pp.953 962. https://doi.org/10.1177/1748048508097928

Candel, R. S. (2011). Public Policy Best Practice in The Field of Digital Terrestrial Television: Lessons from Sweden And Spain. International Journal of Digital Television, 2(3), pp.297 321. https://doi.org/10.1386/Jdtv.2.3.297_1

Chan Chin, Y. (2012). Public Service Broadcasting, Public Interest and Individual Rights in China. Media, Culture & Society, 34(7), pp.898 912. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443712452700

Collins, R. (2011). Content online and the end of public media? The UK, a canary in the coal mine? Media, Culture & Society, 33(8), pp.1202 12129. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443711422459

Curran, J., Iyengar, S., Brink Lund, A. & Salovaara Moring, I. (2009) Media System, Public Knowledge and Democracy. European Journal of Communication, 24(1), pp.5 26. https://doi.org/10.1177/0267323108098943

Cushion, S., Lewis, J. & Ramsay, G. N. (2012). The Impact of Interventionist Regulation in Reshaping News Agendas: A Comparative Analysis of Public and Commercially Funded Television Journalism. Journalism, 13(7), pp.831 849. https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884911431536

D’Arma, A. (2018). The hollowing out of public service media: a constructivist institutionalist analysis of the commercialisation of BBC’s in-house production. Media, Culture & Society, 40(3), pp.432 448. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443717713260

D’Arma, A. & Labio, A. (2017). Making a difference? Public service broadcasting, distinctiveness and children’s provision in Italy and Spain. International Journal of Digital Television, 8(2), pp.183 199. https://doi.org/10.1386/jdtv.8.2.183_1

Dawes, S. (2014). Broadcasting and The Public Sphere: Problematising Citizens, Consumers and Neoliberalism. Media, Culture & Society, 36(5), pp.702 719. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443714536842

Debrett, M. (2009). Riding the Wave: Public Service Television in The Multi-Platform Era. Media, Culture & Society, 31(5), pp.807 827. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443709339466

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Donders, K. & Pauwels, C. (2010). The introduction of an ex ante evaluation for new media services: Is 'Europe' asking for it, or does public service broadcasting need it? International Journal of Media & Cultural Politics, 6(2), pp.133 148. https://doi.org/10.1386/mcp.6.2.133_1

Donders, K. & Raats, T. (2012). Analysing national practices after European state aid control: are multi-stakeholder negotiations beneficial for public service broadcasting? Media, Culture & Society, 34(2), pp.162 180. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443711430756

Donders, K. & Raats, T. (2015). From public service media organisations to de-centralised public service for the media sector: a comparative analysis of opportunities and disadvantages. Javnost The public, 22(2), pp.145 163. https://doi.org/10.1080/13183222.2015.1041227 .

Donders, K., Van den Bulck, H. & Raats, T. (2019) The politics of pleasing: a critical analysis of multistakeholderism in Public Service Media policies in Flanders. Media, Culture & Society, 41(3), pp.347 366. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443718782004 .

Ejbye Sørensen, I. (2013). Channels as content curators: Multiplatform strategies for documentary film and factual content in British public service broadcasting. European Journal of Communication, 29(1), pp.34 39. https://doi.org/10.1177/0267323113504856

Engelbert, J. & Awad, I. (2014) Securitizing Cultural Diversity: Dutch Public Broadcasting in Post-Multicultural and De-Pillarized Times. Global Media and Communication, 10(3), pp.261 274. https://doi.org/10.1177/1742766514552352

Enli, G. S. & Ihlebæk, K. A. (2011) ‘Dancing with The Audience’: Administrating Vote-Ins in Public and Commercial Broadcasting. Media, Culture & Society. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443711412299

Esser, A. & Majbritt Jensen, P. (2015). The Use of International Television Formats by Public Service Broadcasters in Australia, Denmark And Germany. International Communication Gazette, 77(4), pp.359 383. https://doi.org/10.1177/1748048514568766

Evans, S. K. (2018). Making Sense of Innovation: Process, Product, And Storytelling Innovation in Public Service Broadcasting Organizations. Journalism Studies, 19(1), pp.4 24. https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2016.1154446

Evens, T., Verdegem, P. & De Marez, L. (2010). Balancing Public and Private Value for The Digital Television Era. Javnost The Public, 17(1), pp. 37 54. https://doi.org/10.1080/13183222.2010.11009025

Fernández Alonso, I., Bonet, M., Guimerà, J. A., Díez, M. & Alborch, F. (2010). Spanish Public Broadcasting. Defining traits and future challenges following analogue television switch off. Observatorio (OBS*), 4(3). https://doi.org/10.15847/obsOBS432010351

Flew, T. (2009). The Special Broadcasting Service After 30 Years: Public Service Media and New Ways of Thinking About Media and Citizenship. Media International Australia, 133(1), pp.9 14. https://doi.org/10.1177/1329878X0913300103

Flynn, R. (2015). Public service broadcasting beyond public service broadcasters. International Journal of Digital Television, 6(2), pp.125 144. https://doi.org/10.1386/jdtv.6.2.125_1 .

García de Madariaga, J. M., Lamuedra Graván, M. & Tucho Fernández, F. (2013). Challenges to public service news programmes in Spain: Professionals and viewers’ discourses wavering between institutional reform and counter-reform. Journalism: Theory, Practice & Criticism, 15(7), pp.908 925. https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884913508609

Ginosar, A. & Krispil, O. (2015). Broadcasting Regulation and The Public Interest: Independent Versus Governmental Agencies. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 93(4), pp.946 966. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077699015610066

Goddard, P. (2017). ‘Distinctiveness’ and the BBC: A New Battleground for Public Service Television? Media, Culture & Society, 39(7), pp.1089 1099. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443717692787

Gómez García, Rodrigo (2009). Panorama internacional de los sistemas de radiodifusión de servicio público. Vectores del pluralismo democrático, la diversidad y la producción culturales. Revista mexicana de ciencias políticas y sociales, 51(206), 157-175 http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?pid=S0185-19182009000200009&script=sci_arttext

Grummel, B. (2009). The Educational Character of Public Service Broadcasting from Cultural Enrichment to Knowledge Society. European Journal of Communication, 24(3), pp.267 285. https://doi.org/10.1177/0267323109336756

Harrison, J. & Woods, L. M. (2001). Defining European public service broadcasting. European journal of communication, 16(4), 477-504.

Herzog, C. & Karppinen, K. (2014). Policy streams and public service media funding reforms in Germany and Finland. European Journal of Communication, 29(4), pp.416 432. https://doi.org/10.1177/0267323114530581

Horsti, K. & Hultén, G. (2011). Directing Diversity: Managing Cultural Diversity Media Policies in Finnish And Swedish Public Service Broadcasting. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 14(2), pp.209 227. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367877910382180

Huntsberger, M. W. (2014). Attempting an Affirmative Approach to American Broadcasting: Ideology, Politics, And the Public Telecommunications Facilities Program. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 91(4), pp.756 771. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077699014550089

Iosifidis, P. (2011). Growing pains? The transition to digital television in Europe. European Journal of Communication, 26(1), pp.3 17. https://doi.org/10.1177/0267323110394562

Jacobs, L., Meeusen, C. & d’Haenens, L. (2016) News Coverage and Attitudes on Immigration: Public and Commercial Television News Compared. European Journal of Communication, 31(6), pp.642 660. https://doi.org/10.1177/0267323116669456

Jõesaar, A. (2011). Different Ways, Same Outcome? Liberal Communication Policy and Development of Public Broadcasting. Trames, 15(1), pp.74 101. https://doi.org/10.3176/tr.2011.1.04

Johnson, K. (2013). From brand congruence to the 'virtuous circle': branding and the commercialization of public service broadcasting. Media, Culture & Society, 35(3), pp.314 331. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443712472088

Just, N., Latzer, M. & Saurwein, F. (2012). Public service broadcasting put to test: Ex post control of online services. International Journal of Media & Cultural Politics, 8(1), pp.51 65. https://doi.org/10.1386/macp.8.1.51_1

Kant, T. (2014). Giving the "Viewer" a Voice? Situating the Individual in Relation to Personalization, Narrowcasting and Public Service Broadcasting. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 58(3), pp.381 399. https://doi.org/10.1080/08838151.2014.935851 .

Keinonen, H. & Klein Shagrir, O. (2017). From Public Service Broadcasting to Soci(et) al TV Producers' Perceptions of Interactivity and Audience Participation in Finland and Israel. Nordicom Review, 38(1), pp.65 79. https://doi.org/10.1515/nor-2016-0037

Kolmer, C. & Semetko, H. A. (2010). International Television News: Germany Compared. Journalism Studies, 11(5), pp.700 717. https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670x.2010.503020

Larrondo, A., Larrañaga, J., Meso, K. & Agirreazkuenaga, I. (2012). The Convergence Process in Public Audio-visual Groups: The Case of Basque Public Radio Television (Eitb). Journalism Practice, 6(5 6), pp.788 797. https://doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2012.667282

Larrondo, A., Domingo, D., Erdal, I. J., Masip, P. & Van den Bulck, H. (2016). Opportunities and Limitations of Newsroom Convergence: A Comparative Study on European Public Service Broadcasting Organisations. Journalism Studies, 17(3), pp.277 300. https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2014.977611

Larsen, H. (2014). The Legitimacy of Public Service Broadcasting in the 21st Century the Case of Scandinavia. Nordicom Review, 35(2), pp.65 76. https://doi.org/10.2478/nor-2014-0015

López Olano, C. (2017). The Model for Public Television and the Young Audience’s Expectations. Differences Between Great Britain and Spain in the Perception of Qualities and Obligations. El Profesional de la Información, 26(4), pp.1699 2407. https://doi.org/10.3145/Epi.2017.Jul.15

Mangani, A. & Tarrini, E. (2018). Social Pluralism in Public and Private Television Broadcasting. Javnost The Public, 25(3), pp.282 297. https://doi.org/10.1080/13183222.2018.1463044

Marko, D. (2015). The role of media assistance in the establishment of public service broadcasting in Serbia. International Journal of Digital Television, 6(3), pp.293 309. https://doi.org/10.1386/jdtv.6.3.293_1

Michalis, M. (2016). Radio spectrum battles: Television broadcast vs wireless broadband and the future of PSB. International Journal of Digital Television, 7(3), pp.347 362. https://doi.org/10.1386/jdtv.7.3.347_1

Millanga, A. K. (2014). Mobile Phones and Participatory Communication for Poverty Eradication on Public Service Broadcasting: The Case of Tanzania Broadcasting Corporation (Tbc). Mobile, Media & Communication, 2(3), pp.281 297. https://doi.org/10.1177/2050157914533695

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Moe, H. (2010). Governing Public Service Broadcasting: “Public Value Tests” In Different National Contexts. Communication, Culture & Critique, 3(2), pp.207 223. https://doi.org/10.1111/J.1753 9137.2010.01067.X

Moe, H. (2013). Public Service Broadcasting and Social Networking Sites: The Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation on Facebook. Media International Australia, 146(1), pp.114 122. https://doi.org/10.1177/1329878X1314600115

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Psychogiopoulou, E. (2013). Media Policy-Making in Greece: Lessons from Digital Terrestrial Television and The Restructuring of Public Service Broadcasting. International Journal of Media & Cultural Politics, 9(2), pp.133 152. https://doi.org/10.1386/Macp.9.2.133_1

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Publicado
2021-02-03
Cómo citar
Lestón-Huerta, T., Goyanes, M., & Mazza, B. (2021). ¿Qué Hemos Aprendido sobre la Radiodifusión de Servicio Público en el Mundo? Una Revisión Sistemática de la Literatura y Sugerencias para Investigaciones Futuras . Revista Latina, (79), 65-88. https://doi.org/10.4185/RLCS-2020-1489
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