Perspectivas para abordar la inteligencia artificial en la enseñanza de periodismo. Una revisión de experiencias investigadoras y docentes

Palabras clave: competencias;, comunicación;, enseñanza universitaria;, innovación docente;, inteligencia artificial;, periodismo;, periodismo algorítmico;, periodismo automatizado

Resumen

Introducción: En un contexto en el que los medios de comunicación utilizan cada vez más la inteligencia artificial (Neuman, 2021), y en el que esta tecnología está ausente en los planes de estudio de los grados y de los másteres de comunicación en España (Sanchez García; Calvo Barbero; Diez Gracia, 2021; Ufarte; Calvo; Murcia, 2020; Ufarte; Fieiras; Túñez, 2020). Metodología: Se han localizado proyectos de investigación y experiencias docentes internacionales que abordan la inteligencia artificial y que la introducen en la enseñanza de periodismo. Además, durante el año 2021, se ha participado en seis eventos académicos nacionales e internacionales de los que se obtuvieron ideas acerca de cómo abordar la inteligencia artificial en tres ámbitos del campo de la comunicación: el ámbito investigador, el contexto profesional, y la docencia universitaria. Resultados: Las ideas, y las iniciativas investigadoras y docentes recogidas afrontan la inteligencia artificial fundamentalmente, desde dos perspectivas, una perspectiva crítica que atiende a las consecuencias sociales del uso de esta tecnología y una perspectiva aplicada que busca, de manera principal, formar a los estudiantes en tres competencias: la obtención y el tratamiento de datos, la creación de contenido automatizado y la verificación de contenido. Conclusiones: Aun siendo escasas las iniciativas investigadoras y docentes disponibles, estas aportan vías para introducir la inteligencia artificial en los planes de estudio de grado y de másteres en periodismo y en comunicación, desde una perspectiva crítica que, atendiendo a lo que realizan los medios, asuma los retos formativos derivados del uso y de la extensión de esta tecnología.

Biografía del autor/a

Gloria Gómez-Diago, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos

Profesora en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos. Doctora en Ciencias de la Comunicación. Premio Extraordinario de Doctorado con la tesis doctoral “Para investigar en comunicación 400 ideas y una propuesta para actualizar el paradigma de la interacción”. Sus principales líneas de investigación son: meta-investigación en comunicación; participación ciudadana y Cibercultura. En estas líneas de investigación tiene más de treinta publicaciones y ha presentado más de cuarenta comunicaciones en congresos nacionales e internacionales.

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Publicado
2022-03-09
Cómo citar
Gómez-Diago, G. (2022). Perspectivas para abordar la inteligencia artificial en la enseñanza de periodismo. Una revisión de experiencias investigadoras y docentes. Revista Latina De Comunicación Social, (80), 29-46. https://doi.org/10.4185/RLCS-2022-1542
Sección
Aplicación de la inteligencia artificial en comunicación